Guidelines for Authors

Social Sciences Directory Guidelines for Authors

Below are some detailed guidelines on our requirements for publication, but above all KEEP IT SIMPLE. We require

  • an acceptable structure as listed below under Preparation of Research Manuscripts
  • papers in Microsoft Word format
  • single line spacing (but 1.5 or 2 is acceptable)
  • use a clear 12 point Font (Calibri) 
  • avoid underlining except where hyperlinks are required and supply URLs
  • use clear resolution graphics and tables
  • Referencing using the Harvard System


  1. About Social Sciences Directory 
  2. Criteria for Publication 
  3. Overview of the Editorial Process 
  4. Presubmission Inquiries 
  5. Preparation of Research Manuscripts 
  6. Overview of the Production Process 


1. About Social Sciences Directory

Social Sciences Directory is dedicated to presenting research in social sciences, from any discipline, in an open-access environment. At the same time, it provides a forum in which to discuss that scientific research and so provide for each and every paper its maximum possible impact. 

The peer review of each article is rigorous and concentrates on objective and scholarly concerns to determine whether the research has been sufficiently well conceived, well executed, and well described to justify inclusion in the scholarly record. 

Unlike many journals which attempt to use the peer review process to determine whether or not an article reaches the level of 'importance' required by a given journal, Social Sciences Directory uses peer review to determine whether a paper is technically sound and worthy of inclusion in the published arena. 

Please email us (info [at] with any editorial enquiries.


2. Criteria for Publication

To be accepted for publication in Social Sciences Directory, research articles must satisfy the following criteria:

  1. The study presents the results of scholarly research.
  2. Results reported have not been published elsewhere (with the exception of the author(s)'s institutional repository and/or personal blog)
  3. Conclusions are presented in an appropriate fashion and are supported by the data. 
  4. The article is presented in an intelligible fashion and is written in standard English.
  5. The research meets all applicable standards for the ethics of experimentation and research integrity.

The Social Sciences Directory editorial board, and any invited external peer reviewers, will evaluate submissions against these criteria:

1. Does the manuscript report on original scholarly research?

Social Sciences Directory is designed specifically as a medium for primary, scholarly researchas well as non peer-reviewed material that, in the opinion of the editorial board, will provide valuable addiitional reading around a subject. 

2. Have the results reported been published elsewhere (with the exception of the author(s)'s institutional repository and/or personal blog)

Social Sciences Directory does not accept for publication work that has already been published elsewhere. However, studies that replicate results that are already in the literature may be considered for publication in Social Sciences Directory, as the independent confirmation of results can often be valuable, as can the presentation of a new dataset.

3. Is the article presented in an intelligible fashion and written in English?

Social Sciences Directory staff do not copyedit the text of accepted manuscripts; it is therefore important for the work, as presented, to be intelligible. Perfect, stylish English is not essential but the language must be clear and unambiguous. If the language of a paper is poor, Academic Editors should recommend that authors seek independent editorial help before submission of a revision. Poor presentation and language is a justifiable reason for rejection.

4. Does the research meet all applicable standards with regard to the ethics of experimentation and research integrity? 

Research published in Social Sciences Directory must have been conducted to the highest ethical standards. A brief description of the most common of these is described in our Editorial and Publishing Policies. Please contact Social Sciences Directory staff (info [at] if you have queries as to whether these standards have been met. 


3. Overview of the Editorial Process

Social Sciences Directory provides all authors with an efficient and 'hassle-free' editorial process. Our aim is to identify those submissions that warrant inclusion in the scholarly record and present them to the academic community with as few hurdles as possible.

The editorial process is run by the journal's board of Academic Editors (A.E.s), who work together to orchestrate the peer-review process. A.E.s are invited to handle submitted manuscripts on the basis of the content of the manuscript and their own expertise. The AE evaluates the paper and decides whether it describes a body of work that meets the editorial criteria of Social Sciences Directory. They then send it out for a blind peer review.

After appropriate consideration by the reviewer, a decision letter to the author is drafted. This letter may also be circulated to other members of the editorial board, who are given a short time to comment on the editorial decision.

There are several types of decisions possible:

  • Accept
  • Revisions required
  • Reject

Acceptance and Publication

Upon editorial acceptance, the manuscript is checked by Social Sciences Directory staff to ensure that it is in a form that will allow it to be efficiently handled by our production system. The authors will be queried and allowed to make any final minor revisions that are needed.

This is the final stage at which an author will see their manuscript before publication. The authors' files will then be carefully tagged to generate final XML and PDF files, but will they not be subject to detailed copyediting. It is therefore essential that authors provide a thoroughly proofread and checked manuscript, following the manuscript checklist and any comments from Social Sciences Directory staff.


4. Presubmission Inquiries

Social Sciences Directory does not consider presubmission inquiries. Such inquiries essentially request that the editors of a journal assess whether the paper is of potential interest to that journal by virtue of its subject area, novelty, or anticipated impact. In general, such subjective opinion would have little bearing on whether a paper should be published in Social Sciences Directory. First of all, all subject areas are of interest to Social Sciences Directory, and furthermore, to judge whether a study has been sufficiently well performed and well documented to permit publication in Social Sciences Directory requires submission of the full paper.


5. Preparation of Research Manuscripts

Before starting your submission: 

  • First, you should ensure that your submission conforms to our various Editorial Policies and meets our Editorial Criteria.
  • Secondly, you should study the rest of this page as well as our Guidelines for Figure and Table Preparation.
  • Then, before you submit, please print out and study our Author Checklist which will help you to avoid some of the most common errors that authors encounter when submitting.

Social Sciences Directory considers manuscripts of any length; we encourage the submission of both substantial full-length bodies of work and shorter manuscripts based on a more limited range of experiments. There are no explicit word, figure, or supporting information restrictions, although we encourage a concise and accessible writing style. Editors may make suggestions for how to achieve this, as well as suggestions for cuts or additions that could be made to the article to strengthen the arguments made. Authors are encouraged to use their own voice and to decide how best to present their ideas, results, and conclusions. 

Although we encourage submissions from around the globe, we require that manuscripts be submitted in English. As a step toward overcoming language barriers, we encourage authors fluent in other languages to provide copies of their full articles or abstracts in other languages; these will be made available along with the published paper. Translations should be submitted as supporting information.

Cover Letter

A covering letter is not essential unless there is anything that should be drawn to the attention of the Editor. For clarity, it is useful to explain why this manuscript is suitable for publication in Social Sciences Directory. How does your paper provide a worthwhile addition to the scholarly literature? How does your paper relate to previously published work? Who do you believe will be most interested in your study?

Please ensure that your cover letter also includes suggestions for Social Sciences Directory Academic Editors who would be suitable to consider your submission. Please suggest as many Academic Editors as you like, but note that we cannot guarantee that they will be used.

Electronic Formats

Our publication system supports a limited range of formats for text and graphics. Text files should be submitted in MS Word only. 

If you experience difficulties with the manuscript submission Website or are concerned about the suitability of your files, please contact the journal (info [at]

Prior Publication

When submitting their article, all authors are asked to indicate that they have not submitted a related or duplicate manuscript for publication elsewhere. If similar or related work has been submitted elsewhere, then a copy must be included with the article submitted to Social Sciences Directory. Reviewers will be asked to comment on the overlap between related submissions.

Financial Disclosure

This section should describe sources of funding that have supported the work. Please include relevant grant numbers and the URL of any funder's Web site. Please also include this sentence: "The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript." If this statement is not correct, you must describe the role of any sponsors or funders, and amend the aforementioned sentence as needed.

Author Status

For Social Sciences Directory, the corresponding author must submit the manuscript, related files, and all required information. From the point of submission through to publication, all communication related to that manuscript will be directed to and received from the corresponding author only.

Social Sciences Directory, the contributions of all authors must be described. Contributions that fall short of authorship should be mentioned in the acknowledgements.


Please keep abbreviations to a minimum and define them upon first use in the text. Non-standard abbreviations should not be used unless they appear at least three times in the text.


For the article to be accepted for publication, the author will need to supply high-resolution versions of the figures. When preparing your figures, please ensure that the files conform to our Guidelines for Figure and Table Preparation. Please do not upload panels for a single figure separately (for example, Figure 1A, Figure 1B-1D, Figure 1E); each figure file should be a single montage of all panels.

All figures will be published under a Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows them to be freely used, distributed, and built upon as long as proper attribution is given. Please do not submit any figures that have been previously copyrighted unless you have express written permission from the copyright holder to publish under the CCAL license.

Microsoft Word Files

Microsoft Word article files should be submitted in .DOC format. 

Title (50 words or fewer)

The title should be specific to the project, yet concise. It should be comprehensible to readers outside your field. Avoid specialist abbreviations, if possible. Titles should be presented in title case, meaning that all words except for prepositions, articles, and conjunctions should be capitalised. 


Impact of E-commerce on Existing Corporate Retailers in Norway

Authors and Affiliations

Provide the first names or initials (if used), middle names or initials (if used), surnames, and affiliations—department, university or organization, city, state/province (if applicable), and country—for all authors. One of the authors should be designated as the corresponding author. It is the corresponding author’s responsibility to ensure that the author list, and the summary of the author contributions to the study are accurate and complete. If the article has been submitted on behalf of a consortium, all author names and affiliations should be listed at the end of the article.


The abstract introduces the paper and should not exceed 2000 words. It should mention the techniques used without going into methodological detail and should summarize the most important results. Please do not include any citations in the abstract. Avoid specialist abbreviations if possible.


The results section should provide details of all of the experiments that are required to support the conclusions of the paper. There is no specific word limit for this section. The section may be divided into subsections, each with a concise subheading. Large datasets, including raw data, should be submitted as supporting information files; these are published online alongside the accepted article. We advise that the results section be written in past tense. 

Materials and Methods

This section should provide enough detail to allow full replication of the study by suitably skilled investigators. Protocols for any new methods should be included, but well-established protocols may simply be referenced. We encourage authors to submit, as separate supporting information files, detailed protocols for newer or less well-established methods. These are published online only, but are linked to the article and are fully searchable. 


People who contributed to the work but do not fit the criteria for authors should be listed in the Acknowledgments, along with their contributions. You must also ensure that anyone named in the Acknowledgments agrees to being so named.

Details of the funding sources that have supported the work should be confined to the funding statement provided in the online submission system. Do not include them in the acknowledgments.


Only published or accepted manuscripts should be included in the reference list. Meetings, abstracts, conference talks, or papers that have been submitted but not yet accepted should not be cited. Limited citation of unpublished work should be included in the body of the text only. All personal communications should be supported by a letter from the relevant authors.

Social Sciences Directory uses the Harvard Referencing System. 


Tables should be included in the text file. All tables should have a concise title. Footnotes can be used to explain abbreviations. Citations should be indicated using the same style as outlined above. Tables occupying more than one printed page should be avoided, if possible. Larger tables can be published as online supporting information. Please ensure that table formatting conforms to our Guidelines for Figure and Table Preparation.

Multimedia Files and Supporting Information 

We encourage authors to submit essential supporting files and multimedia files along with their manuscripts. All supporting material will be subject to peer review.

Multimedia files should be smaller than 10 MB in size because of the difficulties that some users will experience in loading or downloading files. See the Figure Guidelines for more detail about our requirements for multimedia files and the file formats we accept.

Figures, tables, multimedia files, and datasets that make up the supporting information should be referred to in the manuscript with a leading capital S (e.g., Figure S4 for the fourth supporting information figure) and should fall into one of the following categories: Figure, Table, Text, Dataset, Audio, or Video. The numbered title and caption for each supporting information file should be included in the main article file, after the titles and captions for the main figures.


6. Overview of the Production Process

Prior to submission, authors who believe their manuscripts would benefit from professional editing are encouraged to use language-editing and copyediting services. Social Sciences Directory does not take responsibility for or endorse these services, and their use has no bearing on acceptance of a manuscript for publication.

Before formal acceptance, the manuscript will be checked by Social Sciences Directory staff to ensure that it complies with all essential format requirements. The authors' files are then carefully tagged to generate XML and PDF files, but will not be subject to detailed copyediting. Obtaining this service is the responsibility of the author. 

Once an article has been accepted for publication, the manuscript files are transferred into our production system and will be published in PDF and HTML formats, with an XML download option. 



These guidelines are adapted from the PLoS ONE website (, published under the Creative Commons Attribution License

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.


ISSN: 2049-6869